You most likely know people, who blame hormones, genetic predisposition and bad environment in their exorbitant weight. Or have you been one of them? In reality, this is because often its about our dietary choices, not enough exercises and unhealthy habits. So, if you are drinking alcoholic beverages cocktails every day and “visit” your fridge through the night and sit at the office the whole day long, genes and hormones have nothing to do with your overweight-problem.
However specialists say that in some cases increased appetite, food cravings, fluid retention and other things that cause weight gain, can be a sign of chemical imbalance in the body.
Hormones play very crucial role in regulating your appetite, metabolic rate, mood and physical activity. If something goes wrong in their production and functioning, you may notice unpretty fat folds in the mirror and unwanted number on the weights.
Here are ten hormones, which may be responsible for your unintentional weight gain:
#1. Estrogen – this female sex hormone can perhaps not only get a handle on your menstrual cycle, but in addition change your appearance, mental performance and sleep. Lack of this hormone is related to nervousness, mood swings, hot flashes and accumulation of fat around the waistline.
#2. Thyroid hormone – thyroid gland normally secretes thyroxine and triiodothyronine to maintain optimal body temperature, metabolic process, brain health and digestion. If this little gland becomes underactive, numerous processes get disrupted that results in weight gain, mental sluggishness, cold intolerance and constipation.
#3. Cortisol – when you’re stressed, your adrenal glands start to produce this hormone in order to help the human body activate defensive mechanisms and cope with negative emotions. But long-lasting influence of negative emotions, which keeps cortisol levels slightly elevated, may result in increased appetite and being hungry.
#4. Insulin – when you have a meal, sugar from food is absorbed in to your blood very quickly. Raise of blood glucose levels signals your pancreas that it’s time for you to release hormone insulin, which is designed to move sugar from bloodstream in to the cells. They use this glucose as energy fuel to work properly. Eating processed and high-sugar foods regularly can make cells resistant to insulin. Therefore, this hormone can’t deliver glucose from food to the cells. The pancreas tries to over come cells’ insensitivity, producing more and more insulin. Higher insulin levels were found to have a close link with obesity.
#5. Testosterone – it’s normal for woman’s body to produce small amounts of male reproductive hormones. Sometimes problems may possibly occur, ultimately causing extortionate production of testosterone. Women, whose ovaries produce an excessive amount of male hormones, usually have polycystic ovaries, deep voice, hirsutism, insulin resistance and exorbitant weight.
#6. Leptin – after a good meal, when you’re full, your fat cells generate hormone leptin to say mental performance that it’s time indeed to stop eating. But this mechanism doesn’t work in people, who carry extra pounds. Their cells become insensitive to influence of leptin. This commonly leads to overeating and weight gain.
#7. Ghrelin – this really is another appetite-regulating hormone. When your stomach is empty, levels of ghrelin raise up, causing you to feel hungry. Eating some foods normally reduces production of ghrelin. Researches found that in over weight individuals ghrelin production stays high, despite having a large percentage of meal.
#8. Neuropeptide Y – stress may cause significant chemical imbalance in our human anatomy. For example, it can trigger extortionate production of neuropeptide Y, which increases appetite and cravings for candies.
#9. Melatonin – sleeping well is amongst the most important weight-loss guidelines. During sleep, your body secretes melatonin and human growth hormone, which help restore the body, heal it and improve metabolic rate. Inadequate sleep (less than seven hours per night) disrupts circadian rhythms and impairs melatonin generation. This causes low-grade inflammation which is a great risk factor for obesity.
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#10. Serotonin – well, serotonin is just a neurotransmitter, not a hormone. It is responsible for delivering signals to brain cells and regulating your mood, sleep, appetite and tolerance to pain. If you’re depressed or have vitamin deficiency, serotonin levels drop down that leads to insomnia, food cravings, moodiness and chronic pain.